Source: High availability cmdlets
This article provide list of Exchange Server 2013 Interview Question that will asked by most of the Exchange interview panelist for Level 1 Engineer post who needs to perform basic role on exchange server 2013 administration.
I hope this will help you for getting for your succes. Your response and feedback are much appreciated!!
Keep connected to have a look on next level of questions for Exchange level 2.
1. What is Exchange Sever 2013 and its evolution?
2. What are the new features in Exchange server 2013
3. What are the feature removed from Exchange 2013 compared to legacy version of Exchange server
4. What are the feature still remains in Exchange Server 2013 that have not got removed out.
5. How many roles are there in Exchange Server 2013
6. What are different edition in Exchange Server 201 and how do you find them
7. What is the latest service pack or patch available in Exchange server 2013
8. List the new features available in Exchange server 2013 SP1
9. What are the prerequisites needed to install exchange Server 2013 (CPU, Memory, Disk & OS )
10. Where Exchange Server stores the Exchange related information in Active Directory
11. What are the types of Active Directory deployment that server supported in Exchange Server 2013 deployment
12. Difference between Exchange 2013 on-premises, Online, office 365 and Windows Azure
13. List out the purpose of running prepare schema and prepare AD switches in Exchange server 2013
14. What happened to HT, UM and Edge role in Exchange Server 2013
15. How many user databases and recovery databases are supported in Exchange server 2013
16. What is the change in the MAPI connectivity with Exchange Server 2013
17. What is the purpose of Autodiscover service & Availability service
18. What are the DNS host record required to send email over the internet
19. Explain the list of files will be there under Exchange 2013 database folder
20. What you mean by database portability
21. What is the purpose of DAC
22. How to check backup is completed successfully for the Exchange 2013 mailbox database
23. What is the purpose of site mailbox in Exchange server 2013
24. What is the change on public folder in Exchange Server 2013
25. Explain the mail flow in Exchange server 2013
26. What is S/MIME certificate and how to send email using S/MIME certificate
27. What is RBAC and list out the management role present in Exchange Server 2013
28. How to enable Offline Outlook Web App (OWA) in Exchange Server 2013
29. How Activesync works in Exchange Server 2013
30. What is the purpose of retention policy tag
31. What is the advantage of mailbox movement in Exchange Server 2013
32. What are PowerShell commands used to check the mailbox connectivity with Exchange Server 2013
33. How to determine the Exchange server 2013 health status
34. Difference between proxy and re-direction terminology in Exchange Server 2013
35. How to check Autodiscover service working internally and externally
36. What is the new feature added in Exchange 2013 Transport rule
37. How to move the database from one drive to another disk
38. What are the Outlook client version and browser supported in Exchange Server 2013
39. List the different type of mailboxes can be created in Exchange Server 2013
40. List out the service used for CAS server and Mailbox Server
41. What is the mailbox replication service
42. What is the purpose of File Share Witness
43. What is the purpose quorum mode and list their types
44. Difference between Primary Active Manager and Standby Active Manager
45. What is the purpose of safety-net and transport dumpster
46. What is the purpose of crimson log in Exchange Server 2013
47. How EWS plays their role in Exchange Server 2013
48. What is Outlook Anywhere and how to configure in email client
49. How to set Out-of-Office by Exchange admin when user is on leave
50. Difference between accepted domain and remote domain in Exchange Server 2013
Common Cmdlet Actions
Tips and Tricks
Custom Mailbox Quota Messages
Storage Group Management
Connectors and Delivery
Custom Delivery Status Notification (DSN) Messages
Messaging Policy and Compliance
Hub Transport Rules
Common Cmdlet Actions
Exchange Shell (and Windows PowerShell) cmdlets are made up of Verb-Noun combinations. Most cmdlets support the following easy-to-understand verbs.
Get The Get verb retrieves:
– a specific object, such as a specific mailbox
– all objects of a specific type, such as mailboxes, distribution groups, or contacts
– a subset of objects of a specific type, such as mailboxes in a particular OU
Set The Set verb modifies settings of an object, such as the alias of a contact or the deleted item retention of a mailbox database.
New The New verb creates a new object such as a new mailbox, a new configuration setting, a new mailbox database, or a new SMTP connector.
Remove The Remove verb removes an object, such as a mailbox or transport rule.
All Remove cmdlets support the WhatIf and Confirm switches. For more information about these switches, see Important Parameters & Switches.
Enable The Enable verb enables an object, such as a transport rule, or mail-enables a recipient.
Disable The Disable verb disables an enabled object or mail-disables a recipient.
All Disable tasks also support the WhatIf and Confirm switches. For more information about these switches, see Important Parameters.
Important Parameters & Switches
The following parameters and switches help you control how commands run, and indicate exactly what a command will do before it affects data.
Identity Identifies the unique object for the task. It is typically used with Enable, Disable, Remove, Set, and Get cmdlets. Identity is a positional parameter— you don’t have to specify the parameter name (-Identity) when you specify the parameter’s value in a commad. For example, both of the following commands query the mailbox of user1:
Get-Mailbox -Identity user1
WhatIf The WhatIf switch instructs the cmdlet to simulate the actions that it would take on the object. It allows you to view changes that would occur without actually applying them. The default value is $True.
Confirm The Confirm switch causes the cmdlet to pause processing and requires the administrator to acknowledge what the cmdlet will do before processing continues. The default value is $True. To override confirmation for cmdlets that require a confirmation by default, set it to $False
The Validate switch causes the cmdlet to check that all prerequisites for running the operation are satisfied and it will complete successfully.
Tips and Tricks
Get-Command This cmdlet lists all cmdlets available through the shell— Exchange Server 2007 as well as Windows PowerShell cmdlets.
Get-Command *keyword* This cmdlet lists all cmdlets that have keyword in the cmdlet.
Get-task | Get-Member This cmdlet lists all properties and methods of task.
Get-task | Format-List This cmdlet displays the output of the query in a formatted list. You can pipe the output of any Get cmdlet to Format-List (or fl in short) to view all properties of the object returned by that command, or you can specify specific properties to view, separated by commas, as in the following example: Get-Mailbox *john* | Format-List alias,*quota
This cmdlet retrieves shell help for a cmdlet, as in the following example: Help Get-Mailbox
Get-task | Format-List > filename.txt
This cmdlet exports the output of task to a text file: filename.txt
Enable-Mailcontact -Identity “John Smith” -alias smith -externalEmailAddress firstname.lastname@example.org This command mail-enables the contact John Smith by specifying the distinguishedName (DN) for the contact, and providing the alias smith and an external email address email@example.com.
Disable-MailContact -Identity smith This command mail-disables the contact by specifying the alias of the contact in the Identity parameter.
Set-MailContact -Identity smith -Alias jsmith This command changes the alias of the mail-enabled contact specified in the Identity parameter from smith to jsmith by using the Alias parameter.
Set-Contact -Identity jsmith -Manager user1 This command modifies the contact jsmith’s manager attribute in Active Directory® to User1.
Note: If the contact is not mail-enabled, you can’t retrieve it by using an alias. You must use the contact’s full name, GUID, or DN.
Enable-DistributionGroup -Identity “contoso\Distribution Group” -Alias DG This command mail-enables the existing universal distribution group named Distribution Group in the contoso domain. It has the alias DG.
Disable-DistributionGroup -Identity DG This command mail-disables the mail-enabled universal distribution group named DG.
Set-DistributionGroup -Identity DG -Alias group1 This command modifies the settings of the universal distribution group named DG in Exchange by changing its alias to group1.
Add-DistributionGroupMember -Identity DG -Member user1 This command adds the recipient user1 as a member of the universal distribution group DG.
Get-DistributionGroupMember -Identity DG This command retrieves all the members of the distribution group named DG.
Set-Group -Identity DG -DisplayName “Universal DG” This command modifies the Active Directory settings of the group named DG by changing its display name to “Universal DG”.
New-DynamicDistributionGroup -Name DDG -Alias DDGAlias -OrganizationalUnit OU -IncludedRecipients MailboxUsers This command creates a dynamic distribution group (known as “query-based distribution list” in Exchange 2003) named DDG. The IncludedRecipients parameter accepts the following values: None | MailboxUsers | Resources | MailContacts | MailGroups | | MailUsers | AppRecipients.
Set-DynamicDistributionGroup -Identity DDG -DisplayName DDG1
This command modifies the display name of the dynamic distribution group named DDG1 by changing the name to DDG1.
Enable-Mailbox -Identity contoso\user1 -Database MailboxDatabase This command mailbox-enables an existing Active Directory user with the domain and alias combination contoso\user1 by creating a mailbox in the mailbox database named MailboxDatabase.
Disable-Mailbox -Identity user1 This command mailbox-disables the user with the alias user1 by removing its associated mailbox.
Set-Mailbox -Identity user1 -alias user2 This command modifies a mailbox by changing the existing alias user1 to user2.
Get-Mailbox | Format-Table alias, *quota This command retrieves all mailbox users and formats the output as a table to include the alias of the mailbox and the mailbox quotas.
Get-Mailbox -Database “Mailbox Database” This command retrieves a summary list of all mailboxes in the mailbox database named Mailbox Database.
Get-Mailbox -Server EXCH01 This command retrieves a summary list of all mailboxes on the server named EXCH01.
Get-MailboxStatistics -Database MailboxDatabase This command retrieves the mailbox statistics for all mailboxes in the mailbox database named MailboxDatabase.
Get-MailboxStatistics -Server EXCH01 This command retrieves the mailbox statistics for all mailboxes on the server named EXCH01.
Move-Mailbox -Identity user1 -TargetDatabase Server\MailboxDatabase This command moves the mailbox associated with the alias user1 to the server named Server. The mailbox is moved to the mailbox database named MailboxDatabase.
Custom Mailbox Quota Messages
New-SystemMessage -QuotaMessageType ProhibitSendMailbox -Text “Prohibit Send Mailbox Quota Message Text” -Language En This command creates a new customized quota message for the ProhibitSendMailbox quota message type. The text “Prohibit Send Mailbox Quota Message Text” is displayed in English, as specified by the locale code En. The valid values for the QuotaMessageType parameter are WarningMailboxUnlimitedSize and WarningPublicFolder.
Set-SystemMessage En\ProhibitSendMailbox -Text “New Prohibit Send Mailbox Quota Message Text” This command modifies the existing customized quota message for the ProhibitSendMailbox quota message type that is displayed in English, as specified by the locale code En. The new text is “New Prohibit Send Mailbox Quota Message Text”.
This command retrieves the existing customized quota message for the ProhibitSendMailbox quota message type that is displayed in English, as specified by the locale code En.
Remove-SystemMessage En\ProhibitSendMailbox This command removes the existing customized quota message for the ProhibitSendMailbox quota message type that is displayed in English, as specified by the locale code En.
Get-Recipient -RecipientType MailboxUser This command retrieves a summary list of all recipients that match the RecipientType MailboxUser. The RecipientType parameter accepts the following values: User | MailboxUser | MailEnabledUser | Contact | MailEnabledContact | Group | MailEnabledUniversalDistributionGroup | MailEnabledUniversalSecurityGroup | MailEnabledNonUniversalGroup | DynamicDL | PublicFolder | PublicDatabase | SystemAttendantMailbox | SystemMailbox | MicrosoftExchange.
Get-Recipient -Anr “user” This command retrieves a summary list of all recipients that contain the string “user” in the mailbox name. The Anr parameter indicates that the argument will be resolved by using ambiguous name resolution (ANR).
Get-Recipient -ResultSize 100 This command retrieves a summary list of recipients and returns only the first 100 recipients.
Get-UMMailbox This command retrieves a summary list of all Unified Message (UM)-enabled recipients.
Get-UMMailbox -Identity user1 | Format-List This command retrieves the detailed configuration of the UM mailbox that is associated with the alias user1.
Set-UMMailbox -Identity user1 -UMEnabled $True This command modifies the UM mailbox associated with the alias user1 by changing the value of the UMEnabled parameter to $True.
Enable-MailUser -Identity contoso\user2 -ExternalEmailAddress firstname.lastname@example.org This command mail-enables the Active Directory user contoso\user2 with an external address email@example.com. With this cmdlet, a default primary SMTP e-mail address firstname.lastname@example.org is also created.
Disable-MailUser -Identity user2 This command mail-disables the Active Directory mail-enabled user user2.
Set-MailUser -Identity user2 -ExternalEmailAddress email@example.com This command modifies the Active Directory mail-enabled user user2 by changing its external e-mail address to firstname.lastname@example.org
New-MailboxDatabase -Name MailboxDatabase -StorageGroup StorageGroup This command creates a new mailbox database named MailboxDatabase in the storage group StorageGroup.
Set-MailboxDatabase -Identity MailboxDatabase -IssueWarningQuota 500MB This command modifies the mailbox database MailboxDatabase by changing its mailbox warning quota limit to 500MB.
Get-MailboxDatabase -StorageGroup StorageGroup This command retrieves a summary list of all mailbox databases in the storage group named StorageGroup.
Get-MailboxDatabase -Server Server This command retrieves a summary list of all mailbox databases in the server named Server.
Mount-Database -Identity MailboxDatabase This command mounts the existing mailbox database named MailboxDatabase.
Dismount-Database -Identity MailboxDatabase This command dismounts the existing mailbox database named MailboxDatabase.
Enable-DatabaseCopy -Identity MailboxDatabase This command enables local continuous backup for the mailbox database named MailboxDatabase.
Storage Group Management
New-StorageGroup -Name StorageGroup -Server server1 This command creates a new storage group named StorageGroup on the server named server1.
Set-StorageGroup -Identity StorageGroup -Name “Research Storage Group” This command modifies the storage group named StorageGroup by changing its display name to “Research Storage Group”.
Enable-StorageGroupCopy -Identity StorageGroup This command enables local continuous backup on storage group named StorageGroup.
Note: You must first enable local continuous backup by using the Enable-DatabaseCopy cmdlet for each database in the storage group on which you want to enable local continuous backup.
Disable-StorageGroupCopy -Identity StorageGroup This command disables the continuous backup of storage group named StorageGroup.
Connectors and Delivery
New-SendConnector -Name SendConnector -AddressSpaces contoso.com This command creates a new Internet Send connector named SendConnector. The associated address space for the Send connector is contoso.com.
Set-SendConnector -Identity SendConnector -AddressSpaces northwindtraders.com This command modifies the Send connector named SendConnector by changing its address spaces to northwindtraders.com.
New-ReceiveConnector -Name ReceiveConnector -RemoteIpRanges 10.149.0.1-10.151.0.1 -Bindings 0.0.0.0:25 This command creates a new Receive connector named ReceiveConnector. The associated remote IP range is 10.149.0.1 to 10.151.0.1. By setting the Bindings parameter to 0.0.0.0:25, you instruct the server to listen for connections on all locally configured IP addresses on port 25.
Set-ReceiveConnector -Identity ReceiveConnector -MaxMessageSize 20MB This command modifies the Receive connector ReceiveConnector by changing the value of the MaxMessageSize parameter to 20MB.
Suspend-Queue -Identity Server\Queue This command stops all messages in queue Server\Queue from being delivered.
Resume-Queue -Identity Server\Queue This command allows the suspended queue Server\Queue to resume delivery of messages.
Get-Message -Identity Server\Queue\Message This command retrieves the specific message Server\Queue\Message.
Suspend-Message -Identity Server\Queue\Message This command stops the message Server\Queue\Message in a queue from being delivered.
Get-Queue | Freeze-Queue This command freezes all queues on the local server.
Resume-Message -Identity Server\Queue\Message This command allows the suspended message Server\Queue\Message in a queue to be delivered.
Delete-Message -Identity Server\Queue\Message This command deletes the specified message Server\Queue\Message.
Export-Message -Identity Server\Queue\Message -Path FilePath This command exports the specified message Server\Queue\Message to FilePath.
Note: Before you can export a message, you must first suspend it by using the Suspend-Message cmdlet.
New-AddressRewriteEntry -Name RewriteEntryName -InternalAddress email@example.com -ExternalAddress firstname.lastname@example.org This command creates a new address rewrite entry for the internal e-mail address email@example.com. All e-mail messages sent from firstname.lastname@example.org are rewritten to email@example.com, and all inbound messages to firstname.lastname@example.org are rewritten to email@example.com.
Set-AddressRewriteEntry -Identity RewriteEntryName -InternalAddress firstname.lastname@example.org This command modifies the existing address rewrite entry RewriteEntryName by changing the value of the InternalAddress parameter to email@example.com.
Set-RecipientFilterConfig -BlockedRecipients firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com This command modifies the recipient filtering configuration by adding the blocked recipients firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com.
Set-SenderFilterConfig -BlockedSenders firstname.lastname@example.org This command modifies the sender filtering configuration for spam by adding a blocked sender email@example.com.
Add-ContentFilterPhrase -Phrase “spam” -Influence BadWord This command adds the phrase “spam” to the content filter by setting its Influence parameter to BadWord. The Influence parameter accepts the values BadWord and GoodWord.
Add-IPAllowListEntry -IpRange 127.1.0.0 This command adds the IP address 127.1.0.0 to the IP Allow list. The IP mask defaults to 255.255.255.255 because it is not specified.
Add-IPAllowListEntry -IpRange “127.1.0.0(255.255.0.0)” This command adds the IP address 127.1.0.0 to the IP Allow list, which has a specified IP mask of 255.255.0.0.
Add-IPAllowListEntry -IpRange 127.1.0.0-127.1.255.255 This command adds an allowed range of IP addresses. In this case, the IP range is between 127.1.0.0 and 127.1.255.255.
Add-IPBlockListEntry -IpRange 127.2.0.1 This command adds the IP address 127.2.0.1 to the IP Block list. In this case, the IP mask defaults to 255.255.255.255 because it is not specified.
Test-IPAllowListProvider -Identity AllowListProvider -IPAddress 127.1.0.0 This command tests a specified IP address 127.1.0.0 to see whether it is listed as an allowed IP address with the IP Allow List provider IPAllowListProvider.
Add-IPAllowListProvider -Name Provider1 -LookupDomain www.contoso.com -IPAddressesMatch 127.1.0.0 This command adds an IP Allow List provider called Provider1, which is used to verify which IP addresses are allowed. The associated lookup domain is www.contoso.com, and the IP address that must match the result returned by the IP Allow List provider is 127.1.0.0.
Add-IPBlockListProvider -Name Provider2 -LookupDomain www.contoso.com -IPAddressesMatch 127.2.0.1 This command adds an IP Block List provider named Provider2, which is used to verify which IP addresses should be blocked. The associated lookup domain is www.contoso.com, and the IP address that must match the result returned by the IP Block List provider is 127.2.0.1.
Get-SenderIdConfig This command retrieves the Sender ID configuration settings.
Add-AttachmentFilterEntry -Name image/jpeg -Type ContentType
This command adds an attachment filter entry that is used to block all JPEG attachments, based on the attachment’s content type image/jpeg, regardless of the file name.
Add-AttachmentFilterEntry -Name *.EXE -Type FileName
This command adds an attachment file entry that is used to block all attachments that have the file name extension *.EXE.
This command removes an attachment filter entry that is used to filter JPEG attachments based on the attachment’s content type image/jpeg.
This command removes an attachment filter entry that is used to filter all attachments that have the file name extension *.EXE.
Set-AttachmentFilterListConfig -RejectResponse “The attachment you included in your e-mail message was not allowed.” -Action Reject
This command configures the Attachment Filter agent to reject all messages that contain filtered attachments. Both the attachment and e-mail message are blocked, and the configured text is used in the message body of the non-delivery report (NDR) that is sent to senders whose messages contain an attachment that is blocked. Available actions are Reject, Strip and SilentDelete.
Custom Delivery Status Notification (DSN) Messages
New-SystemMessage -DsnCode 5.7.0 -Text “DSN Message Text” -Internal $False -Language En
This command creates a new customized DSN message for the DSN code 5.7.0. The text of the DSN message is “DSN Message Text”, the language the message is displayed in is English, specified by the locale code En, and the DSN message is sent to both internal and external senders.
Set-SystemMessage -Identity En\External\5.7.0 -Text “New DSN Message Text”
This command modifies the existing customized DSN message for the DSN code 5.7.0. The identity consists of the language, specified by the locale code En, whether the DSN message scope is internal or external, and the DSN code En\External\5.7.0. The text of the DSN message is changed to “New DSN Message Text”.
Get-SystemMessage -Identity En\External\5.7.0
This command retrieves the existing customized DSN message for the DSN code 5.7.0 by using the identity En\External\5.7.0.
Get-SystemMessage -Original $True
This command retrieves a list of all built-in DSN messages.
Remove-SystemMessage -Identity En\External\5.7.0
This command removes the existing customized DSN message for the DSN code 5.7.0 by using the identity En\External\5.7.0.
Messaging Policy and Compliance
$Condition = Get-TransportRulePredicate BetweenMemberOf
$Condition.Addresses = (Get-DistributionGroup “Group1”)
$Condition.Addreses2 = (Get-DistributionGroup “Group2”)
$Action = Get-TransportRuleAction RejectMessage
$Action.RejectReason = “RejectText”
New-TransportRule -Name “RuleName” -Condition @($Condition) -Action @($Action)
This command creates the transport rule RuleName on a Hub Transport server. The rule rejects all messages sent between the Group1 and Group2 distribution groups. A NDR is sent to the sender of the messages that have the text RejectText.
Get-TransportRule -Identity RuleName | Format-List
This command retrieves the detailed configuration of the transport rule RuleName.
(Get-TransportRule -Identity RuleName).Conditions | Format-List
This command retrieves a list of conditions and their values that are configured on the transport rule RuleName.
(Get-TransportRule -Identity RuleName).Exceptions | Format-List
This command retrieves a list of exceptions and their values that are configured on the transport rule RuleName.
(Get-TransportRule -Identity RuleName).Actions | Format-List
This command retrieves a list of actions and their values that are configured on the transport rule RuleName.
Remove-TransportRule -Identity RuleName
This command removes the transport rule RuleName.
New-JournalRule -Name “JournalRuleName” -Recipient MailboxToJournal@contoso.com -JournalEmailAddress “Journal Reports” -Scope Global This command creates the journal rule JournalRuleName. For all messages sent to or received by the mailbox MailboxToJournal@contoso.com, a journal report is sent to the mailbox Journal Reports with the original message as an attachment. The journal rule is enabled upon creation. Valid values for the Scope parameter are Internal, External, and Global.
Set-JournalRule -Identity JournalRuleName -Recipient DistributionGroupToJournal@contoso.com This command modifies the journal rule JournalRuleName by setting the value of the Recipient parameter to DistributionGroupToJournal@contoso.com.
Set-TransportConfig -JournalingReportNdrTo AltJournalReports@contoso.com This command configures Exchange to redirect journal reports to AltJournalReports@contoso.com if the primary journaling mailbox is temporarily unavailable.
Get-ExchangeServer This command retrieves a summary list of all existing servers.
Get-ExchangeServer -Domain contoso.com This command retrieves a summary list of all servers in the domain contoso.com.
Get-ExchangeServer -Status This command retrieves a summary list of all existing servers and forces a call to update the server’s current status. Without the Status parameter, some fields that display real-time information are not populated.